摘要自动简答题评分(Automated short answer grading,ASAG)是利用自然语言处理技术减少教育工作者人工评分负担。值得注意的是,目前大多数ASAG系统存在缺陷,学生通过复制或稍微改写标准答案取得高分的欺骗行为。该文探索一种基于规则的数据增强方法研究ASAG系统的鲁棒性。然而,由于自然语言存在离散性因素,导致基于规则的数据增强合成的样本的多样性受到限制。该文提出基于知识蒸馏的数据增强策略,以并行的方式堆叠不同的单个数据增强方法。此外,该文提出基于监督对比学习的ASAG系统,使得模型能学习到有效的句子表示。该文在University of North Texas和SemEval-2013两个公开数据集上进行了评估,与基线模型相比,该文提出的系统在性能上有实质性提高。
Abstract：The automated short answer grading(ASAG) system reduces the time-consuming manual scoring for educators with Natural Language Processing technology. It is worth noting that most ASAG system has shortcomings that students have intentionally fraud the model to get high scores by copying or slightly rewriting the standard solution. This paper explored a rule-based data augmentation approach to investigate the robustness of the ASAG system. However, natural languages have a discrete factor that limits the diversity of samples synthesized by rule-based data augmentation. In this paper, a knowledge distillation-based data augmentation strategy is proposed to stack different individual data augmentation methods in a parallel manner. In addition, the paper proposes a supervised contrast learning-based ASAG system that enables the model to learn effective sentence representations. We evaluate our model on two datasets from the University of North Texas and SemEval-2013. The performances our model are substantially improved compared to the baselines.
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